ALI VESTE KAKŠNEGA OKUSA JE UMAMI?

 ALI VESTE KAKŠNEGA OKUSA JE UMAMI?
Deli:

Ali ste kdaj okusili jed, čigar okusa nikakor niste mogli opisati? Naše brbončice okušajo štiri osnovne okuse; sladko, slano, grenko in kislo. Leta 1908 je japonski kemik in ljubitelj hrane Kikunae Ikeda na seznam dodal peti skrivnostni okus, ki se imenuje umami. Za gurmane je to občutek popolnosti, uravnoteženosti okusov in zaokrožene celote, ki nudi veliko več kot posamezna živila.

Ko se določena živila starajo (npr. sir) ali ko se meso začne peči na vročini odprtega ognja se molekulska struktura v beljakovinah začne spreminjati, v tem procesu se beljakovine razdelijo na posamezne enote, ena od teh je molekula imenovana L-glutamat.  Podobno kot pri drugih štirih osnovnih okusih se tudi umami čuti, ko se L-gutamat veže na specifične receptorje na vašem jeziku, kar povzroči verižno reakcijo kemičnih procesov, ki vodijo do okusa.

KAKŠNEGA OKUSA JE UMAMI?

Dobesedni prevod japonskega izraza je “prijeten, slan okus” ali “okusno”, ker sta ti definiciji preširokega pomena, bomo našteli nekaj živil, ki so prepoznavnega umami okusa:

  • Meso

  • Sir

  • Morska hrana

  • Karamelizirana živila, pripravljena na visoki temperaturi (popečeni oreščki in semena)

  • Morske alge

  • Paradižnik

  • Zeleni čaj

  • Gobe

  • Šparglji

ZANIMIVOST:

Z umami okusom se prvič srečamo že takoj po rojstvu. Materino mleko vsebuje deset krat več glutamata kot kravje mleko.

Povzeto po: What is umami and does it exist?

Povzeto po: Gurman: Umami

Preberi tudi: Recept za osvežujoč domači jogurt

 

Deli:

Jagoda

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