Monopoly, svetovno znana družabna igra, ki je priljubljena tako med otroci, kot med odraslimi. Od izuma popularne igre je minilo že več, kot 100 let, zasluge pa si je pripisovalo več oseb. Resnica je prišla na dan po več kot 50 letih.


Elizabeth J. Magie je leta 1904 patentirala igro Landlord’s game, ki bi študente poučila o uničujočih posledicah monopola veleposestnikov. Sama je zagovarjala ekonomsko teorijo Henryja Georgea, ki pravi, da mora država obdavčiti le naravne dobrine, vse, kar človek s tem ustvari, pa je njegova last.  

Študenti univerz Princeton in Haverford so igro začeli igrati tudi v prostem času, sčasoma so vsi začeli prilagajali pravila in risati svoje igralne plošče. Igra se je leta in leta prenašala, kot ”ustno izročilo”, pravila pa so se začela močno razlikovati od orginala. V 20-letih je bila igra med študenti poznana, kot Monopoly.


V 30-letih prejšnjega stoletja, v času velike gospodarske krize je v stik z priljubljeno študentsko prišel brezposelni trgovec Charles Darrow. V želji po uspehu in hitrem zaslužku je izrisal igralno ploščo in igro, kot svoj izum prodal podjetju Parker Brothers. Družabna igra Monopoly je postala velik hit, Charles Darrow pa se je čez noč povzpel iz revščine v svet milijonarjev.  Darrov je veljal za izumitelja popularne igre, njegova zgodba o uspehu pa je navduševala množice. 


Leta 1934 je profesor ekonomije iz San Francisca Ralph Anspach ustvaril družabno igro imenovano Anti-Monopoly, kjer je cilj razbijanje monopolov. Tudi ta igra je postala izjemno priljubljena, hitra prodaja je razjezila podjetje Parker Brothers, Sledila je skoraj desetletje dolga tožba. Profesor Anspach je na vrhovnem sodišču z zgodovinskimi dokazal razkril pravi izvor igre, kar je pripeljalo do razveljavitve blagovne znamke. Trenutno so avtorske pravice igre Monopoly v lasti podjetja Hasbro, ki je leta 1991 prevzelo podjetje Parker brothers.


Za konec, pa še nekaj zanimivosti o priljubljeni družabni igri, ki še jih zagotovo niste slišali:

  • Igra je prevedena v 47 jezikov in se prodaja v 114 državah.
  • Leta 1970 je na trg prišla tudi verzija z Brailovo pisavo.
  • Draguljar Sidney Mobell je leta 1998 ustvaril diamantni Monopoly vreden več kot 2 milijona.
  • Vsakih nekaj let se državni prvaki iz vsega sveta pomerijo na svetovnem prvenstvu v Monopoly-u.
  • Več kot 1 milijardo ljudi po svetu je že igralo Monopoly.
  • Podjetje je izdalo že več kot 300različnih tematskih licenciranih verzij priljubljene igre.



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